Stress is a part of life, but it’s important to learn how to manage it in a healthy way. It can be caused by anything from a big presentation at work to a worldwide pandemic. But what does it actually do to our body and mind? And more importantly, how can we cope with and overcome it? Let’s dive into the psychology of stress and learn some strategies for managing it.

The psychological causes leading to stress

Stress can be caused by a wide variety of things, from a big presentation at work to a worldwide pandemic. But at its core, it is caused by a perceived threat. Our brains are wired to respond to threats in the form of a fight or flight response. This response is a survival mechanism that helped our ancestors escape from danger. But in the modern world, our brains are just as likely to respond to a deadline at work as a lion chasing us.

The role of the fight or flight response is to prepare our bodies for action. This response is activated when we perceive a threat, and it causes a release of stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones increase our heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, so we’re ready to run or fight. But if the perceived threat is not actual or prolonged, it can lead to chronic stress, which can cause significant harm to our mental and physical health.

The physical effects of stress

Stress can cause a wide variety of physical symptoms, from headaches to heart disease. When our bodies are in a state of strain, our muscles tense up, our heart rate increases and our blood pressure rises. All of these changes are designed to help us deal with a threat, but if they happen too often or last too long, they can cause health problems. Some of the most common physical symptoms of stress include headaches, muscle tension, and fatigue.

Coping with stress

So, what can we do to manage stress? There are a lot of strategies out there, but some of the most effective include:

  • Mindfulness and meditation: Mindfulness is the practice of being present in the moment, without judgment. It can help you to focus on the present, rather than worrying about the future or dwelling on the past. Meditation is a great way to practice mindfulness.
  • Exercise and physical activity: Exercise is a great way to release pent-up energy and reduce distress.
  • Time management: Being able to manage your time effectively can help you to feel more in control of your life, and less stressed.
  • Support from friends and family: Having a support network of friends and family can help you to cope with trauma.

Overcoming tension and strain

Managing stress is important, but it’s even more important to address the underlying causes of anxiety. This means identifying and addressing the root causes of stress, rather than just treating the symptoms.

  • Professional help and therapy: A therapist can help you to identify the underlying causes of stress and develop strategies for coping with it.
  • Long-term stress management techniques: There are a number of long-term stress management techniques that can help you to reduce your overall anxiety levels. These include things like exercise, mindfulness, and time management.
  • Finding balance in life: It’s important to balance work and play. And to make time for the things that are important to you.
  • There is an excellent tool known as headspace that can help you overcome your anxiety and tension levels.


In conclusion, stress is an inevitable part of life. But it’s important to learn how to manage it in a healthy way. By understanding the causes and effects, we can develop strategies for coping with it and addressing the underlying causes. Mindfulness, exercise, time management, and support from friends and family are all effective ways to manage stress. Additionally, seeking professional help and therapy, practising long-term stress management techniques, and finding balance in life can help to reduce overall stress levels. Remember, stress is not something to be ashamed of or to ignore. It is important to take it seriously and to take action to manage it. It is also important to note that everyone responds differently to pressure, what works for one person may not work for another. So, it’s important to find what works best for you.

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